Sponsored by “Stop Gun Violence”
Chief Petitioners: Senator Ginny Burdick (D-Portland), Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle, and Jackson County Sheriff Robert O. Kennedy.
Submitted to the Secretary of State on November 5, 1999
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Oregon:
SECTION 1. The people of this state find that:
(1) The laws of Oregon regulating the sale of firearms contain a loophole that allows people other than gun dealers to sell firearms at gun shows without first conducting criminal background checks;
(2) It is necessary for the safety of the people of Oregon that any person who transfers a firearm at a gun show be required to request a criminal background check before completing the transfer of the firearm; and
(3) It is in the best interests of the people of Oregon that any person who transfers a firearm at any location other than a gun show be allowed to voluntarily request a criminal background check before completing the transfer of the firearm.
SECTION 2. Sections 1 to 8 of this 2000 Act and the amendments to ORS 166.416, 166.418 and 166.460 by sections 9, 10 and 11 of this 2000 Act shall be known as the Gun Violence Prevention Act.
SECTION 3. (1) As used in ORS 166.412 and sections 1, 5, 6 and 7 of this 2000 Act, “criminal background check” or “criminal history record check” means determining the eligibility of a person to purchase or possess a firearm by reviewing state and federal databases including, but not limited to, the:
(a) Oregon computerized criminal history system;
(b) Oregon mental health data system;
(c) Law Enforcement Data System;
(d) National Instant Criminal Background Check System; and
(e) Stolen guns system.
(2) As used in sections 1, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of this 2000 Act:
(a) “Gun dealer” has the meaning given that term in ORS 166.412.
(b) “Gun show” means an event at which more than 25 firearms are on site and available for transfer.
SECTION 4. Sections 5 to 8 of this 2000 Act are added to and made a part of ORS 166.410 to 166.470.
SECTION 5. (1) Notwithstanding the fact that ORS 166.412 requires a gun dealer to request a criminal history record check only when transferring a handgun, a gun dealer shall comply with the requirements of ORS 166.412 before transferring any firearm to a purchaser. The provisions of ORS 166.412 apply to the transfer of firearms other than handguns to the same extent that they apply to the transfer of handguns.
(2) In addition to the determination required by ORS 166.412 (3)(a)(A), in conducting a criminal background check or criminal history record check, the Department of State Police shall also determine whether the recipient is otherwise prohibited by state or federal law from possessing a firearm.
(3) Notwithstanding ORS 166.412 (5), the department is not required to operate the telephone number established under ORS 166.412 (5) on Thanksgiving Day or Christmas Day.
(4)(a) The department may charge a fee, not to exceed the amount authorized under ORS 166.414, for criminal background checks required under this section or section 6 of this 2000 Act.
(b) The department shall establish a reduced fee for subsequent criminal background checks on the same recipient that are performed during the same day between the hours of 8 a.m. and 10 p.m.
SECTION 6. (1) The Department of State Police shall make the telephone number established under ORS 166.412 (5) available for requests from persons other than gun dealers for criminal background checks under this section.
(2) Prior to transferring a firearm, a transferor other than a gun dealer may request by telephone that the department conduct a criminal background check on the recipient and shall provide the following information to the department:
(a) The name, address and telephone number of the transferor;
(b) The make, model, caliber and manufacturer’s number of the firearm being transferred;
(c) The name, date of birth, race, sex and address of the recipient;
(d) The social security number of the recipient if the recipient voluntarily provides that number;
(e) The address of the place where the transfer is occurring; and
(f) The type, issuer and identification number of a current piece of identification bearing a recent photograph of the recipient presented by the recipient. The identification presented by the recipient must meet the requirements of ORS 166.412 (4)(a).
(3)(a) Upon receipt of a request for a criminal background check under this section, the department shall immediately, during the telephone call or by return call:
(A) Determine from criminal records and other information available to it whether the recipient is disqualified under ORS 166.470 from completing the transfer or is otherwise prohibited by state or federal law from possessing a firearm; and
(B) Notify the transferor when a recipient is disqualified from completing the transfer or provide the transferor with a unique approval number indicating that the recipient is qualified to complete the transfer. The unique approval number is a permit valid for 24 hours for the requested transfer. If the firearm is not transferred from the transferor to the recipient within 24 hours after receipt of the unique approval number, a new request must be made by the transferor.
(b) If the department is unable to determine whether the recipient is qualified for or disqualified from completing the transfer within 30 minutes of receiving the request, the department shall notify the transferor and provide the transferor with an estimate of the time when the department will provide the requested information.
(4) A public employee or public agency incurs no criminal or civil liability for performing the criminal background checks required by this section, provided the employee or agency acts in good faith and without malice.
(5)(a) The department may retain a record of the information obtained during a request for a criminal background check under this section for the period of time provided in ORS 166.412 (7).
(b) The record of the information obtained during a request for a criminal background check under this section is exempt from disclosure under public records law.
(6) The recipient of the firearm must be present when the transferor requests a criminal background check under this section.
(7)(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subsection, a transferor who receives notification under this section that the recipient is qualified to complete the transfer of a firearm is immune from civil liability for any use of the firearm from the time of the transfer unless the transferor knows, or reasonably should know, that the recipient is likely to commit an unlawful act involving the firearm.
(b) If the transferor is required to request a criminal background check under section 7 of this 2000 Act, the immunity provided by paragraph (a) of this subsection applies only if, in addition to receiving the notification required by this section, the transferor has the recipient fill out the form required by section 7 (1)(a) of this 2000 Act and retains the form as required by section 7 (2) of this 2000 Act.
(c) The immunity provided by paragraph (a) of this subsection does not apply:
(A) If the transferor knows, or reasonably should know, that the recipient of the firearm intends to deliver the fire-arm to a third person who the transferor knows, or reasonably should know, may not lawfully possess the firearm; or
(B) In any product liability civil action under ORS 30.900 to 30.920.
SECTION 7. (1) A transferor other than a gun dealer may not transfer a firearm at a gun show unless the transferor:
(a)(A) Requests a criminal background check under section 6 of this 2000 Act prior to completing the transfer;
(B) Receives notification that the recipient is qualified to complete the transfer; and
(C) Has the recipient complete the form described in section 8 of this 2000 Act; or
(b) Completes the transfer through a gun dealer.
(2) The transferor shall retain the completed form referred to in subsection (1) of this section for at least five years and shall make the completed form available to law enforcement agencies for the purpose of criminal investigations.
(3) A person who organizes a gun show shall post in a prominent place at the gun show a notice explaining the requirements of subsections (1) and (2) of this section. The person shall provide the form required by subsection (1) of this section to any person transferring a firearm at the gun show.
(4) Subsection (1) of this section does not apply if the transferee is licensed as a dealer under 18 U.S.C. 923.
(5)(a) Failure to comply with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) of Ethis section is a Class A misdemeanor.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subsection, failure to comply with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) of this section is a Class C felony if the person has two or more previous convictions under this section.
(6) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating subsection (1) or (3) of this section that the person did not know, or reasonably could not know, that more than 25 firearms were at the site and available for transfer.
SECTION 8. (1) The Department of State Police shall develop a form to be completed by a person seeking to obtain a firearm at a gun show from a transferor other than a gun dealer. The department shall consider including in the form all of the requirements for disclosure of information that are required by federal law for over-the-counter firearms transactions.
(2) The department shall make the form available to the public at no cost.
SECTION 9. ORS 166.416 is amended to read: 166.416 (1) A person commits the crime of providing false information in connection with a transfer of a [handgun] firearm if the person knowingly provides a false name or false information or presents false identification in connection with a purchase or transfer of a [handgun under ORS 166.412] firearm.
(2) Providing false information in connection with a transfer of a [handgun] firearm is a Class A misdemeanor.
SECTION 10. ORS 166.418 is amended to read: 166.418. (1) A person commits the crime of improperly transferring a [handgun] firearm if the person is a gun dealer as defined in ORS 166.412 and sells, leases or otherwise transfers a [handgun] firearm and intentionally violates ORS 166.412 or section 5 of this 2000 Act.
(2) Improperly transferring a [handgun] firearm is a Class A misdemeanor.
SECTION 11. ORS 166.460 is amended to read: 166.460. (1) ORS 166.250, 166.260, 166.280, 166.291 to 166.295, 166.410, 166.412, 166.425 and 166.450 and sections 5 and 7 of this 2000 Act do not apply to antique firearms.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, possession of an antique firearm by a person described in ORS 166.250 (1)(c)(B), (C) or (D) constitutes a violation of ORS 166.250.
NOTE: Matter in boldfaced type in an amended section is new; matter [italic and bracketed] is existing law to be omitted. New sections are in boldfaced type.